Conflicts between Authenticity and User Retrieval in Classification Work
AbstractThe field of knowledge organization theory shows major divides in priorities and conclusions: whether the core of classification is structure or meaning (Beghtol, 1986; Mills, 2004; Spärck Jones, 1970), whether a classification designer can or should rely solely on the literature to determine terminology (Fidel, 1994; Hulme, 1911; Mai, 2005), and whether it is the global principles (Ranganathan, 1962) or the individual classification designer’s knowledge and insight (Albrechtsen and Pejtersen, 2003; Feinberg, 2007; Hjørland, 2002) that creates a good system. The field of classification research offers no clear consensus on how classification construction occurs in practice or its ideal version (Park, 2008). Nor do we understand how classificationists negotiate conflicts between these principles and approaches in daily work. For example, if literary warrant is insufficient to make semantic decisions (Fidel, 1994; Mai, 2005), how do classification designers justify and reconcile – to themselves, their institutions, and their users – the inevitable use of personal and contextual information with the belief that the system should represent the documents without bias? Similarly, at what point (if any) in a domain analysis process does the classification designer encounter the impact of his or her system on the field being organized, and how does he or she seek to minimize or justify this distortion?
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).