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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • This submission is an original piece of work that falls within the Aims and Scope of the Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology. It has not been published previously, nor is it currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • The declaration of authors includes all of the authors, who have agreed on the declared order of authorship. The authors have also agreed on the representation of their institutional affiliation. (Following submission, special circumstances presented in a manner sufficient to convince the editor would be required for any reordering, addition or deletion of authors, or amendments to their institutional affiliation. Following publication, minor amendments to authors’ names or institutional affiliation would be managed through an Erratum in the next issue of the journal.)
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • There is no plagiarism in the submission. Information and lines of thought from external sources, including personal communications, are acknowledged. Any text taken directly from an external source is identified as a direct quotation and cited appropriately, including pagination. (With translations, it is noted as a translation but the original non-English text is presented only where justified.)
  • There is no use of Chatbox or other generative Artificial Intelligence in the composition of the text, whose Internet-based assistance is limited to dictionary definitions or translations into English of non-English text composed by the authors solely for the purposes of the submission.
  • Where the submission’s arguments rely on data, these data are presented as tables in the text and/or supplementary material. The data are bona fide and how they were generated is explained in the submission, either in terms of a detailed methodology or with reference to the data’s original published source.
  • All images used in the submission (including redrawn images) are credited to their original creator, whether or not this creator is a listed author. In cases where this creator is not a listed author:
    • if the copyright holder of an unpublished image gives the authors permission to use the photo, then it is credited as: Source: Image courtesy of Person, Year
    • if originally released under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, the work’s authorship and initial publication are acknowledged
    • if from a publication with restrictive copyright, then written permission from the copyright owner to use the image is provided to the editor. (In the case of very old images, copyright may last for 50–70 years after the death of the owner, so it cannot be taken for granted that an image from an old or out-of-print book it is no longer protected by copyright.)
    • it is understood that all of the above applies to images taken from the internet, with the additional proviso that the URLs to the images are cited in the references.
  • The authors have conducted any field research with the necessary permissions or approvals and ethics clearances from the appropriate authorities and custodian communities, as noted in the Acknowledgments.
  • The submission does not include any discussion of stolen or illegitimately procured artifacts where an author was directly involved in the operation or artifacts’ purchase.
  • Any funding sources are noted in the Acknowledgments in the format required by the funding sources.
  • The authors declare no conflicts of interest in the submission, except unless clearly specified in the submission.
  • The authors understand that not adhering to the statements of academic conduct above is grounds for refusal or rejection. If, at a later time, convincing evidence for academic misconduct is discovered, the submission may be subject to immediate rejection, or a correction notice or retraction if the submission has been published.

Author Guidelines

Please check that your manuscript meets the requirements listed here below to ensure a fast passage through the review process. If your manuscript is ready for submission or you would like to check the status of a previously submitted manuscript, continue by logging in here.

Author and reviewer details: Please ensure that your name and email address are clearly visible on the front page of the manuscript. Please also list on the front page the names and email addresses of three people who would be suitably qualified to provide the peer review for your submission.

Spelling: North American spelling conventions are followed in recognition of the journal’s publication in the United States of America.

Word Count: There is no upper or lower limit on word length. The sole consideration is whether the submitted text covers the points being made by the contribution in a succinct and appropriate way. Lengthy manuscripts will be particularly subject to scrutiny for unnecessary text such as repetitiveness, circumlocution, and minor detail.

Manuscript Formatting: Manuscripts should be typed left justified and single spaced. Use Times New Roman font at 12-point size. Do not use footnotes. Measurements should be in metric units. The title must be followed by names of all contributing authors, who should also submit full postal and email addresses. An abstract of not more than 200 words should be included. Do not use more than 3 levels of headings in the text – see a recent Bulletin for examples.

Acknowledgments: These must precede the references and be less than 200 words.

Citations: Use the Harvard system for in text citations (e.g. Name 2002:1–10). Citations with more than two authors may be reduced to primary author’s name, for example (Name et al. 2002:21). Personal communications are to be cited within the text, e.g. (Name, pers. comm., date).

References: All references cited in the text should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper, and vice-versa. Examples are given below, but please also consult a recent Bulletin or the Southeast Asian Archaeology Bibliographic Database. Inclusion of hyperlinks to publications universally accessible through the Internet is encouraged.


Pitiphat, S. and P. Kanchanakhom. 1974. Ban Chiang: Past and Present. Bangkok: Thammasat University. (In Thai).

Metcalf, P. 1982. A Borneo Journey into Death: Berawan Eschatology from Its Rituals. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Forbes, R.J. 1972. Studies in Ancient Technology. 2nd Edition. Leiden: Brill.

Book in a Series:

Mansuy, H.A. 1924. Contribution à l'Étude de la Préhistoire de l'Indochine IV: Stations Préhistoriques dans les Cavernes du Massif Calcaire de Bac-Son (Tonkin). Hanoi: Mémoires du Service Géologique de l'Indochine Vol. 11, No. 2.

Edited Book:

Smith, R.B. and W. Watson (eds). 1979. Early South East Asia: Essays in Archaeology, History and Historical Geography. New York: Oxford University Press.

Edited Book in a Series:

Rosendahl, P. 1987. Archaeology in eastern Micronesia: A reconnaissance survey in the Marshall Islands. In T.S. Dye (ed.) Marshall Islands Archaeology, pp. 17–168. Pacific Anthropological Records 38. Honolulu, HI: Bernice P. Bishop Museum.

Chapter/Article in an edited Book:

Bayard, D.T. 1992. Models, scenarios, variables and suppositions: approaches to the rise of social complexity in mainland Southeast Asia, 700 BC–AD 500. In I.C. Glover, P. Suchitta and J. Villiers (eds), Early Metallurgy, Trade and Urban Centres in Thailand and Southeast Asia: 13 Archaeological Essays, pp. 13–38. Bangkok: White Lotus.

Conference Paper:

White, J.C. 1990. Rice cultivation and social development in Thailand. Paper presented at the American Anthropological Association 89th Annual Meeting, New Orleans.

Journal Articles:

Nelson, S.M. 1989. The social structure of Korean Neolithic sites. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 9:15-21.

Theses and Dissertations:

Kijngam, A. 1979. The Faunal Spectrum of Ban Chiang and Its Implications for Thai Culture History. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Dunedin: University of Otago, Department of Anthropology.

Moore, E.H. 1986. The Moated Mu’ang of the Mun River Basin. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. London: University of London, Institute of Archaeology.

Figures and Tables:

Figures and tables, along with their captions and their numbers, can be embedded in the text, as this assists the review process. Each item must be numbered as either a figure or table series and cited in the text. Maps and photos must have scale bars in metric units. Where applicable, the sources of figures must be acknowledged and permission to use the item obtained. Number and name all figures on the back of each hard copy.

C14 Dates:

For quoting radiocarbon dates, authors should follow the conventions of the journal Radiocarbon (see section 7.0). Uncalibrated radiocarbon results are expressed as mean values and standard deviations (±) in radiocarbon years before 1950, calculated using the 5568-year half-life; for example, BM-2646, 2680±50 BP. Always include the laboratory code number which links the measurement to a specific sample. Quote calibrated results as date ranges, together with the associated probability. Use either cal BP, or cal AD and cal BC (depending on which presentation is more appropriate for the time-scale being referred to), to indicate calibrated results, and state the calibration program used.

Supplementary Files:

You are encouraged to upload large data-sets, image files, video, audio and text appendices (for example, of analytical protocols, detailed methods, translations or original language text) to supplement your paper an enhance readers' engagement with your work. The online hosting of the Journal makes it easy to associate these files with your work in a way that is not possible with traditional paper publishing. Please ensure that you refer to the supplementary files in the text of your paper and don't hesitate to contact the editors with any questions.

Romanisation of non-English Languages:

Korean - JIPA uses the Roman letter notation system of the National Institute of the Korean Language or the McCune–Reischauer system.

Writing Tips

Consider the following tips for creating concise text:

Be Specific

Be specific about all references to time, quantity, etc.


Instead of using currently or recently, specify last spring. Often when now and currently are implied, these words can be deleted without loss of meaning.


Instead of saying several units were added, give a number or a rough estimate, such as almost 100.

Use Shorter Words

Choose short, familiar words whenever possible.


When more than 15 percent of your words (except verbs and proper nouns) are three or more syllables, readers work too hard to understand your message. To reduce larger words, consider these tips:


  • Use about instead of approximatelyuse rather than utilize.
  • Convert nouns ending in –ion into verbs. Use "We considered . . . " instead of "We took into consideration . . . . "
  • Replace endeavor with tryaggregate with total, and optimum with best.

Delete Extra Words

Making your point without extraneous words helps readers clearly understand your message.


  • Evaluate every that in your text. Often that can be deleted without loss of meaning.
  • Avoid starting sentences with "In order to . . . . " By deleting the words "in order," you lose no meaning.
  • Rarely is the word very needed. Consider deleting it or choosing another word. Very good can be excellent, and very important can be key.

Use Shorter Sentences

Keep at least 75 percent of your sentences an average length of 10 to 20 words. If a sentence is longer than three typed lines, consider shortening it.


Think of your sentence lengths as music: quick, quick, slow becomes short, short, longer. Pleasing variations help your readers pay attention.

Use Shorter Paragraphs

Keep at least 75 percent of your paragraphs one to three sentences long. If a paragraph is more than five typed lines, consider shortening it.

Avoid Cliches & Jargon

Choose original ways of writing your message, avoiding well–known phrases such as, When push comes to shove and By the same token. These cliches and well-worn phrases will bore your readers.


Avoid the use of jargon whenever possible. This type of language or terminology will serve only to confuse readers who may be unfamiliar with your field of study.

Watch Use of It

Avoid starting a sentence or clause with It unless the pronoun has a clear antecedent.

Watch Use of There

Avoid starting sentences with There to prevent the use of "empty" introductory language.

Use Strong Verbs

Use "strong" verbs whenever possible. Forms of the verb to be (e.g. am, is, are, was, were) do not maintain readers’ interest.


Instead of saying, "The meeting was productive," consider, "The meeting generated good ideas for . . . . "

Favor the Active Voice

Favor the active voice over the passive voice to avoid vagueness unless the action is more important than the doer of the action.


Use of the imperative is a good technique for attracting readers and minimizing the use of passive voice constructions.

Ask So what?

After you've written your text, evaluate every sentence by asking yourself, Why is this particular piece of information important to my readers?


If you cannot answer the question adequately about a sentence, consider deleting it.

Style Guidelines

For general Internet writing style and usage, authors are encouraged to consult Wired Style: Principles of English Usage in the Digital Age, edited by Constance Hale (San Francisco: HardWired, 1996).
For JIPA’s editorial purposes, please adhere to these style guidelines when referencing the following:


Explain each and every first occurrence.


For example, state World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), allowing the use of WIPO later in the manuscript.


Dates should appear in date–month–year format, as in "The first issue of that newspaper appeared on Monday, 6 May 1996."

Electronic Mail

Refer to electronic mail as email or Email.


The Internet should be called the Internet, not the internet, the net, the Net, or the ’Net.


The numbers zero through nine should be spelled out except when referring to data or measurements, such as "The figure measures 3 pixels by 2 pixels ...."


All whole numbers above nine should appear as Arabic numerals, such as 10, 11, 12,....


Ordinal numbers should be spelled out, as in twentieth.


A number at the start of a sentence should be spelled out, as in "Fourteen search engines were examined .... "


Write percent, not %.


Favor the use of the second–person pronoun, you, over the indefinite third–person singular pronoun, one.


Do not assume that the pronoun for a third–person singular noun is him or he. To avoid awkward constructions like he/she, revise sentences.

Tables & Figures

Capitalize all references to your own tables and figures, such as ";see Figure 1"; or "see Table 2 below".


Always spell out the words Figure or Table in reference to illustrations in the course of the paper.


Use lower case for references to figures or tables in cited literature, such as (Kokomo, 1999, figure 8) or (Dolton, 1968, table 5).

Verb Tense

Choose a verb tense and maintain its use throughout the document. Carefully consider use of the future tense, as often it is unnecessary.


In discussions of the literature, use the past tense, as in "Valauskas (1990) remarked that ... ."

World Wide Web

Use the Web or the World Wide Web but not the web.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party, except with the express consent of the author(s).